Excellent engineering requires amazing
finish too. In order to remove all the dust and make a home look the best,
post-renovation cleaning services is the must. Small or big every constructions
demands cleaning and each home want the finishing touch with care, to be in its
And the main benefit is we have made all
this so affordable. So why work on your own or employ an unskilled person that
can damage your walls or spoil the shine of your flooring with unwanted and
cheap chemicals. Obviously, there is no need to take such a huge risk.
Benefits of Post Renovation Cleaning
Surely, no one wants to leave in a house
full of dust, dirt and filled with remains of construction material.
Post-construction cleaners will clean all those with ease.
No doubt it requires professional skills
but above that, it’s a labor-intensive cleaning. Surely you would not miss
office just because something chipped your leg. Apart from this, the amount of
dust present can easily unrest anyone.
It allows effortless and quick cleaning
that curtails the involved danger and cost arising out of any mishaps during
cleaning. Therefore in all manner post-construction cleaning companies, helps
you. Whether you talk about protection against damages to you and your property
or safety of your health, we safeguard you in every way.
Dusting and washing all surfaces
Vacuuming and cleaning all flooring
Window & glass partition Cleaning
Dust and clean all furniture & fixtures
Kitchen and rest room cleaning and
Post Construction Cleaning
post construction clean up service to make
that new workplace or residence shine. post construction cleaners will
transform your construction site into a safe and clean space, ready for
“It’s wonderful to come home and have
the house looking perfect, especially when my children and grandchildren have
visited for the weekend!
“I always believed that no one could
clean my house better than me. Cleaning Services proved me wrong! They are
reliable, professional, and very courteous. I highly recommend them. They are
Cleaning Contractors Take On New
“YOUR EMPLOYEES CAN ANTICIPATE HIGHLY
PHYSICAL LABOR THAT INCLUDES BEING EXPOSED TO EXCESS DUST AND OTHER BUILDING
Late summer and early fall in the South is
a great time to start thinking about adding on new construction cleanup
services to your existing business model. This vital service would help service
a region that experiences a barrage of hurricanes and storms, leaving many of
your clients in need of cleanup jobs done.
Adding on construction cleanup services
comes with its own list of pros and cons, according to an article in the
Balance. The costs to enter into these services is low, there is good earning
potential and new construction cleanup pairs nicely with other diversifications
to your business such as outdoor touch-up work, lawn care and window cleaning.
Conversely, the work will be very
laborious. In some situations in the south, where large construction cleanup
jobs were needed after the hurricanes, you may become inundated with requests
solely for construction and other outdoor cleanup.
This service may require you to higher more
men, invest in heat-safety training for all employees, obtain liability
insurance and be bonded and be aware of all the licensing requirements of your
state and local governments, as well as all OSHA requirements.
Aside from acquiring any equipment you may
need to perform construction cleanup jobs in the South, the licensing, insuring
and bonding tends to be the biggest new costs you’ll be introducing to your
cleaning business, if you haven’t already.
Post Construction Clean Up
Whether you are renovating your home,
business, or have recently build a new home, the location is probably covered
in dust and debris around the premises
equipped with HEPA air filtered vacuums to
clean up all dust particles from top to bottom! Our 4-stage vacuums holds in
99.99% of all dust particles, bacteria, and allergens in the air. Meaning
99.99% of what goes into the vacuum stays in — ensuring a healthy living and a
Let’s Get Started Cleaning!
Step 1. Fill out the estimate form below or
call an agent.
Step 2. A visit to the site will be
Step 3. Choose an appointment date and
POST CONSTRUCTION CLEANING SERVICE
When a new construction project or remodel
/ renovation gets completed, and all construction leftovers have been cleared
away, a huge mess can still be left behind. There are still large amounts of
dust, dirt, and grime that need cleaning before a home is good enough for
residents to move. For property owners, house developers, contractors, and
renovators who require cleaning after a new construction project,
Once on the job, cleaners will make any
construction area charming and ready to be seen by prospective buyers,
realtors, and inspectors. When we finish our service, walk through your door,
and future tenants can move in and savor a home that glimmers.
The independent cleaning professionals work
to their own schedule, utilize their own acquired knowledge to complete jobs,
and provide their own transportation. Depending on the needs of the customer,
supplies, and equipment are provided by either the customer or the worker. The
workers offer professional cleaning services, as requested by the customer, at
the lowest possible cost.
Post Construction Residential Cleaning
Anything that involves construction tends
to never be a tidy project. Someone is always needed to clean up when the job
is complete. For example, after renovation on a basement, updating a bathroom,
or adding a room to a house.
Typically, the ones who need a post
construction clean the most are property owners, house developers, contractors,
landlords, remodelers, renovators, and new home buyers
At home, the kitchen is one area to really
pay attention to. This is where homeowners find themselves dishwashing,
preparing ingredients, cooking countless meals, and storing food and supplies.
It’s where family and friends gather, and where you can showcase your style
while also focusing on practicality and function. One of the very most
important things to find when putting together or remodeling a kitchen is the
best kitchen faucet.
Finding the best kitchen faucets available
can be a challenge. There are features to consider that separate the special
faucets from the more mediocre ones. You have to see which brands invest in
quality materials for their kitchen faucets, and how well these brands have
been reviewed, before choosing to invest in them
So, what should you consider when finding
the best kitchen faucet you can? Think about the material, function,
certifications, and warranty, among other factors. Checking the material is
really important, as it can spell the difference between a long-lasting kitchen
faucet and one that breaks down after a few months. The functions of the
product should also be considered so that you’ll maximize your kitchen faucet
usage. Examples of these functions include extendable hoses or multiple spray
functions. As for certifications, they’re proof that the brand has passed
industry standards, be it for safe drinking, water-saving, or having
eco-friendly materials. This guide should help you narrow the list of kitchen
faucets worth buying.
This lets you turn the faucet on or off
with a handwave so that you won’t have to manually turn the handle. This would
come in handy during times when you have your hands filled with soap suds or
grease. The MotionSense Wave can also help prevent children from turning on the
faucet and playing with it. This feature would certainly appeal to families or
buyers concerned with safety and ease of use.
Having a sprayer that lets you wash in
different ways is useful because there are assorted objects that need washing
or water any time. If you need to rinse fruits and vegetables, the spray
function should be strong enough to clean them. If you need a glass of drinking
water, the stream function should suffice. If you have dishes with morsels
stuck on then, the blade sweep function can deliver a high-pressure flow to
sweep the grease and dirt stuck on them.
In The Design Studio: All the Things You
Never Knew About Kitchen Faucets
We spend hours selecting our cabinets,
countertops, backsplash and even hardware, touching and feeling and making sure
it’s just right. However, when it comes to faucets, the budget has been blown
and everyone is exhausted making selections, yet there are so many of them to
Pull-down: Those are the larger goose neck
type that has a sprayer that pulls down.
Pull-out: A bit more of a traditional
faucet, lower to the sink with the spray pulling toward you, the clearance to
the sink tends to be lower.
Commercial: Look of the large industrial
faucets with a flexible hose for a sprayer. Those fit in a professional looking
kitchen with modern touches. Pay attention to the size as they are big and can
over power a small kitchen and a small sink.
Single handle: Some sort of a gooseneck
with the spray on the side
Two handles: Can be on the sides of the
gooseneck of a very traditional bridge faucet. Those pair nicely with a farm
sink to complete the look.
Motion sensors: Gaining popularity, as
people do not want to touch the faucet with dirty hands, those come in handy as
well when you have people with limited mobility at the house.
Pot filler: Normally installed above the
stove for ease of use of filling large pot for pasta and soup without needing
to move the pot across the kitchen.
Bar: Those are usually a smaller version of
the pull down, but without the pull down. We use then often in the prep sink
area and not just in a bar setting. Beware that they are smaller, so maybe too
small for the kitchen sink.
There is nothing more annoying than a
faucet that leaks after a few months of use, or a pull-down sprayer that no
longer pushes back into place and now just hangs there, making the faucet look
broken and ugly. Look for brand names you know, with warranty, and parts that
can be easily replaced if needed. Look for metal parts and not plastic — those
will break easily and the finish will fade fast. Make sure the internal
cartridge is metal or ceramic; unfortunately, most faucets at the big box store
and some outlets are plastic and those will break very fast.
Care: Single-handle tends to be the easiest,
as you just have one big spout to wipe and done. The commercial style will be a
bit of a pain because of the coil around the top, which makes it hard to clean
under it. Material-wise, most are well made these days and should last a long
while. Most manufacturers will warranty the finish for a lifetime.
When you are done with your dishes, give
the sink and the faucet a quick wipe and you are done. Do not use materials
that will scratch the finish. If there is grime or a limestone buildup, use
baking soda or white vinegar on a toothbrush to clean it out. A daily clean
will help avoid those. Always use ammonia, bleach and acid-free cleaners — this
is a good rule for all our kitchen surfaces.
What to Look for in a New Kitchen Faucet
Have you been considering a faucet upgrade?
Some of the newer faucets on the market are pretty handy! They have touch
controls on them so that all you have to do to turn on the water is touch the
faucet. This is helpful when you are cooking or cleaning and have messy hands.
Some of them even have nicer spray heads with magnets on them so that you don’t
have to worry about them coming loose and hanging down after spraying dishes or
WHY YOU MAY WANT TO CONSIDER PAYING FOR
We strongly suggest spending a little more
money on a good faucet rather than the cheapest one. A better faucet will last
longer and you’ll enjoy it more. You’ll have fewer problems with them and the
warranties are much better.
Find the Best Kitchen Faucet
Hundreds of kitchen faucet styles, ranging
from basic to posh, await your selection. We sorted the options to ensure
you’ll get the best tap your budget will buy. Review these faucet buying
guidelines to help you find the right model.
Thoughtfully chosen faucets add pizzazz to
hardworking kitchens. In finishes from shiny chrome to antiqued bronze, faucets
sporting either low-arc or gooseneck spouts provide sleek to vintage profiles
and patinas that complement new and old-world looks.
Kitchen faucets are activated via one or
two levers or two X-shape handles or round knobs and are offered in
configurations that might include spouts equipped with pullout and pull-down
sprays, side sprayers, and soap or lotion dispensers. Some faucets are equipped
with sensors that turn water on and off with a touch of a hand.
Installation & Operation
Installation varies, though most faucets
are attached through holes cut into the sink. A deck-plate faucet’s components
are mounted on a single plate; other faucets’ components are individually
installed in up to five holes. In cases where it’s difficult to cut holes in a
sink deck, such as apron-style and undermount sinks, wall-mount faucets provide
a stylish solution. When replacing a faucet, choose a model compatible with
your sink’s existing cutouts. Buying a new sink allows you to customize the
number of holes to fit your preferred faucet.
Forms & Finishes
Once you’ve determined faucet type, it’s
time to consider form and finish. Bridge faucets, inspired by Victorian Era
designs, connect the spout and handles on a raised bar; gooseneck or high-arc
faucets stand tall to clean big pots; standard low-arch or straight-spout
faucets work well with smaller sink setups. Check that the faucet is
proportionate to your sink’s size and that the spout reaches as close to a
sink’s center as possible. Remember that too-tall gooseneck faucets create
unwanted splashes in too-shallow sinks, and low-arc faucets might need to be
moved to accommodate cumbersome cooking gear
Types of Kitchen Faucets You should Know
Before You Buy
With so many sizes and styles on the
market, it can be difficult to choose a good faucet for your kitchen. So we’ve
put together a list of the types of kitchen faucets to make your choice a
The most common kind of kitchen faucet is
the single-hole faucet. It’s named for the fact that you only need one hole in
your countertop to install it, and its simplicity is also reflected in its
Also known as “two-handle” or
“two-hole” faucets, centerset faucets have separate handles for hot
and cold water that flank the center sprout. As you might have guessed from the
name, they’ll need multiple holes for installation.
Widespread faucets are nearly identical to
centerset faucets, but instead of having everything connected to a single base
plate, widespread faucets come with individual pieces that are installed
Pull-out faucets are exactly what they
sound like: Faucets that come with detachable heads that can be pulled closer
to you with the help of a “hose” or “snake.”
When Laying Tile Is it Approriate to Start
in the Center of the Room?
One of the basic questions many homeowners
have when beginning to lay a tile floor is where to start the layout.
Theoretically, the tiles can be put down beginning at any area of the room, but
beginning in corners, for instance, will often not lead to a balanced
installation. The center of the room offers a logical area to begin some tile
installations, such as diagonal tile patterns. In other cases, however, you
would choose another starting point.
Multiple-Piece Tile Patterns
Frequently the floor tiles being laid have
more than one size of tile arranged in a pattern. The patterns may contain two,
three, four or five differently shaped and sized tiles that follow a repeating
sequence across the floor. Nearly all multiple-pieced tile patterns begin in
the left-hand corner of the room farthest from where you enter the door. Most
of the tiles will need to be cut to fit the perimeter of the room; starting in
a corner allows you to begin the pattern with full tiles on a straight line and
move evenly into the room. In this case, beginning in the center may make it
more difficult to get the pattern moving evenly.
Diagonal Tile Layouts
Diagonal tile patterns almost always begin
in the center or near the center of the room. To lay out a diagonal pattern,
snap a line from one corner to the opposite. Measure the line and find its
center point. Snap a second chalk line 90 degrees to the first at the center
point. This will divide the room into four sections. Lay the tiles along one of
these lines first, starting in the center of the room, then along the
intersecting line. Fill in the quadrants next and finally the edges of the
Tile Within a Tile Pattern
Sometimes a different colored tile is set
in the middle of the room as a focal point, medallion or “rug.” A
surrounding border often divides these tiles from the field tiles that fill in
the rest of the room. Lay out and install these decorative center tiles and
their border first, and then install field tiles. To ensure the field tiles
have full tiles next to the decorative area, with cut tiles around the
perimeter of the room, the field tiles are laid from the decorative area out to
the walls — that is, from the center of the room outward.
Easy DIY Tiling Tips for Amateurs
Adding tile to your home is a great way to
update the look of a space. Whether you are tiling an entryway floor, adding a
little color to your kitchen with a backsplash, or tackling a total bathroom
renovation, installing the tile yourself is nothing to be afraid of. With the
right tools and a carefully laid-out plan, you’ll be amazed at what you can
accomplish. Just follow these simple steps for a do-it-yourself tiling project
you’re sure to love.
1. First, you’ll need to know how much tile
you’ll need, so carefully measure your space and determine the square footage.
Because tiles come in various sizes, the overall square footage is essential to
purchasing the right amount. Order an extra ten percent to account for any cuts
2. For best results, install backer-board
(waterproof if it’s in a bathroom) to the surface that you will be tiling; it
provides a smooth, even surface for better tile adhesion. Use a light coat of
glue or tile adhesive (ask your tile supplier whether mastic or mortar will
work best for you) and screws to affix it to the walls. If you are tiling a
floor, roll out a waterproof underlay (available at home improvement stores) to
cover the entire area that will be tiled.
3. Find the center of the area to be tiled
and, using a level, draw one line horizontally and one line vertically to
create quadrants of the area you’re tiling.
4. Once you have your tile design
determined (try to avoid too many cuts and be aware of keeping the design centered),
start at the center of the area you marked, and spread the tile adhesive onto
the backer-board into one of the quadrants in ten-square-foot sections using a
notched trowel. Continue to spread the adhesive until it is even and the
notches are apparent as they help the tile adhere to the wall.
5. At the center point of the quadrant,
begin laying the tiles horizontally, applying gentle pressure to push the tiles
into the adhesive. For best results, place tile spacers in between each tile
for an even layout. Use a level or A-square to ensure that the tiles are
straight. Continue adding adhesive and tiles, working toward the outer edge of
the tile area.
6. For tile pieces that are too big, use a
snap cutter or wet saw to make straight cuts. If a tile needs to be notched or
have a center piece cut out to accommodate an outlet, use a wet saw, being
careful not to cut beyond the required opening.
7. Let the tile sit overnight. Next, using
a trowel, apply the grout to the tile, working from one corner to the opposite
side of the space. Be sure to apply the grout liberally and evenly, making sure
that it really fills in the gaps between all of the tiles.
8. Allow the grout to dry for 30 minutes.
Once dry, wash away the excess grout with a clean sponge.
9. For best results, apply a tile sealant
to prevent the grout from being stained or becoming subject to moisture.
Prepare Your Bathroom for Tiling
The quality of your bathroom tiling is
strongly influenced by the state of the surface you tile over, so it’s
important to ensure that your bathroom walls and floor are sound, level and
clean of dust and debris before you start tiling.
Most bathroom floor surfaces are likely to
be concrete or timber. Plasterboard is common for walls.
If the concrete is new, it must be allowed
to cure for at least 28 days before it’s tiled over. If the concrete is
steel-trowelled, it will need to be mechanically roughened (and then thoroughly
cleaned) prior to tiling. Otherwise, you will not get enough adhesion.
Any concrete release agents and curing
compounds should be removed by mechanical means. If the concrete has cracks
larger than 1.5mm, consult your local suppliers for advice before proceeding.
Because timber naturally expands and
contracts, we don’t recommend adhering tiles directly onto timber floors.
Untreated floors should be primed and allowed to dry before tiling.
Plasterboard is a very common indoor wall
surface, but it needs to be waterproofed before being tiled over. Tiling over
plasterboard involved adhering tiles to a paper surface. Although this will
cause no issues in dry areas, without waterproofing moisture can cause it to
Prime the Surface for Tiling
Before you start tiling, prepare the
surfaces to be tiled by applying a primer using a roller or sponge. We
recommend using a water-based primer like Ardex MultiPrime.
Cover up an old floor
Whether you’re replacing an old shabby
bathroom flooring tile or installing a new one, you can’t beat ceramic or stone
tile for durability and appearance. When laid properly, it’s virtually a
forever floor tiling that requires almost no care and maintenance. And you can
select materials from a vast array of colors and textures. We’ll cover how to
install tile in a few steps.
What’s equally attractive is that you can
lay a first-class tile floor yourself, often in one weekend, and save the $500
to $1,500 cost of hiring a pro.
The key to keeping the how to tile a floor
job simple is to cover the old vinyl or other flooring with a new thin
underlayment that gives you a fresh, clean start. No messy tear-out and repair.
In this article, we’ll demonstrate how to install a thin “backer board” over
the old floor tiling. Then we’ll cover tile-setting techniques, from layout and
cutting to grout and cleanup.
Tile extends beyond tub
Plan the tile layout so a column of tile
extends past the end of the tub. Use the method shown in the “Mock up and
measure” photo above to determine how wide the corner tile needs to be in order
to extend the tile beyond the tub. Plan to extend the tile 2 or 3 in. beyond
the tub and to leave at least a half tile along the wall if possible.
Don’t stop tile even with the end of the
tub. This leaves the walls along the front of the tub vulnerable to water
damage, and doesn’t look as finished as tile extending to the floor. Get more
tips on how to lay out tile here.
Required Tools for this Project
Have the necessary tools for this DIY
project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.
Required Materials for this Project
Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having
all your materials ready ahead of time. Here’s a list.
Your roof is vital to protecting your home
from the elements. In addition to keeping water out, your roof also protects
your property from high winds, debris, and even fires. Keeping your roof in
good condition is something that many homeowners struggle with as they don’t
know what to do
Expert Residential Roof Repair
Too many people suffer the cost of a
premature roof replacement. Neglected roofs are more likely to have repair
problems and will wear out more quickly. This means you may find yourself
replacing your roof at 7 to 10 years when it should have lasted between 15 and
20. If you are looking to get the most out of your existing roof, you will want
to focus on keeping your roof well-maintained and in good repair. Scheduling
seasonal inspections and making repairs as soon as possible is vital. By paying
close attention to your roof and being aware of the signs of a repair issue,
you can expect to enjoy your existing roof’s full lifespan.
Signs you need roof repair include:
Water staining inside your home, especially
on ceilings, walls, and in your attic or crawlspace
Visible damage to your roof’s exterior,
including loose or missing shingles and damaged or rusted flashing
Gutter problems, such as frequently clogged
gutters, or gutters with holes and tears in them
Moss or plants growing on your roof
Wildlife roosting in your roof, attic, or
Sagging spots on your roof, or areas that
are collecting water
An unexplained increase in your heating or
On average, a residential roof will last
for around 15-20 years. Even the most well-maintained roof will require
replacement at some point. This is because your roofing materials will degrade
over time. Winds, rain, snow, temperature changes, and UV rays from the sun all
contribute to the breaking down of your roofing materials.
Getting a new roof can be both exciting and
overwhelming. Roof installation is a big project and represents a significant
investment in your property. You want to be sure that the contractor you hire
is professional, trained, and experienced. Whether you are working on a new
construction project, remodeling your home, or replaced a damaged roof,
HAND NAILING VS NAIL GUN: WHICH ROOFING
INSTALLATION METHOD IS BETTER
WHICH IS BEST FOR ROOF SHINGLE INSTALLATION
– HAND NAILING OR NAIL GUN?
This question can be argued both ways and
both can be correct. The simple answer is. It all depends on the man or woman
holding the hammer or air gun and how they use it. Since asphalt shingled roofs
are the most popular residential roofing materials used
Do-It-Yourself Roofing (DIY)
Most do-it-yourselfers will purchase their
shingles and never think about how to fasten them to the roof. Most think that
nailing the composition shingle with a hammer is the only way. Did you know
there are tool rental stores the will rent air compressors and nail guns for
your roofing project? Is it worth the money to rent?
Most professionals use pneumatic nail guns
and air compressors. There must be a reason why. It is speed. A nail gun is a
tool that has a magazine or tray that stores the fasteners. One by one these
fasteners are driven through the asphalt shingle and into the roof deck by a
supply of air.
A compressor needs to have a continuous
supply of air pressure to do this, which is about 90 – 120 PSI depending on the
nail gun in use, roofing products used, thickness of roof deck, and the
temperature of the time of day. The fasteners should have enough power to drive
a nail into the roof deck 3/4 of an inch or through it to meet manufactures
specifications and local codes.
PROS AND CONS OF HAND NAILING AND NAIL GUN
Speed without experience is not good thing.
Using a fast nail gun can be dangerous and does not insure a good roof
installation. I see it all the time. Nails not places correctly WILL cause roof
failures and this is very common with nail guns.
Give your home a fresh start with a new
One of the best things you can do to add
lasting value to your home is to install a new roof. Rest easy knowing your
home, and its resale value, is secure for years to come
There’s no time like the present to choose
Sheegog Contracting for your new roof installation.
Depending on the product you choose, your
new roof can last several decades
Superior Process With Accountability
Every roofing project is assigned a
dedicated project manager to guide you through every step of the process. We’ll
review choices, provide you with options, and back our work with a warranty.
Family Owned and Operated
Contracting is family owned and made up of
local homeowners just like you. As our customer you’ll always know what to
expect and can rest assured you’ll get the highest quality service at the right
Contracting’s team of local roofing
professionals can complete your project with ease.
Best Practices for Metal Roof Installation
When it comes to durability and energy
efficiency, there is no better option than metal shingle roofs and standing
seam metal roofs. There is a huge demand for them because of this. Those who
install metal roofs are in high demand. It’s good to brush up on the best
practices for metal roof installation so that you can ensure the best possible
roof for your customers. Here are a few things to keep in mind.
Use Top Notch Equipment
As you install the metal roof, you need to
ensure that all of the equipment you are using is specifically made for the
roof panels that you are installing. If you are looking for high quality
fasteners, snips, clips, or more, have a look around our site. We feature only
the highest quality equipment and tools for metal roofers.
Hiring the Right Roofers
You’ll want to ensure that everyone working
on the metal roof is properly trained for the job they are doing. Installing a
metal roof is not a simple process, and it’s essential that anyone involved
knows exactly what they are doing. When doing the hiring, make sure you hire
those who have enough experience for the job at hand. There are even some
roofing manufacturers that will offer installation training for roofers to take
Using the Right Hand Tools
As you know, after your metal panels are in
place, metal clips are used to secure them. They are spaced according to
engineering and construction needs. Hand benders and seamers are then typically
used in the process of installation. It’s important to ensure that your roofer
pays particular attention to this part. Improper hand-tooling is the most usual
cause of a leaky metal roof, caused by faulty installation.
The most crucial things to consider when
installing a metal roof is the quality of the tools and equipment that are used
and the knowledge and skills of the roofer. If you are looking for quality
metal roof installation professionals, there are many places you can turn to.
For example, you can look into local apprenticeships or co-op work term
opportunities. You can also get your current employees to refer other employees
to you. The possibilities are endless
THINGS TO CONTEMPLATE BEFORE A NEW ROOF
In order to ensure the longevity of your
new roof, you need proper ventilation. Having good ventilation will also
improve attic temperatures and lessen moisture retention during the winter.
Ridge vents and gables can be included in roof replacements.
While wanting everything to look great is
okay, energy efficiency could save you money. Roof inspections have shown that
materials that don’t absorb heat easily are better at keeping your home cool.
The right materials for roof replacements could lead residents to more
substantial savings in the long run.
Choosing a gutter that is seamless helps
residents to avoid emergency roof repairs. If you choose a gutter which
requires eaves or gable overhangs, you’re setting yourself up for a potential
problem. Water leaking will cause an emergency roof repair residents.
Chimney caps are not often thought of, even
though they are very cost effective. Their purpose is to help a home retain
heat and keep precipitation out. It also keeps rodents outside. When you are
receiving a roof inspection, ask the professionals about a chimney cap.
If you are looking for the final touch on
your roof replacement, contemplate installing eave flashings. A weatherproof
eave flashing does not allow moisture to reach the shingles.
Like it or not, homes and business
properties are ideal breeding grounds for certain species of cockroaches. With
plenty of food, warmth, water and nesting sites, these formidable pests can
remain active all year round.
You might see cockroaches in a variety of
places in your home: pipe holes, sinks, fridges, cupboards, wall cracks, boxes
or bins. Nobody likes to see them scurrying around. However, many people regard
them as nothing more than a harmless embarrassment. In fact, although
cockroaches do not cause diseases themselves, they are a danger to you and your
food and do spread germs and bacteria.
Eliminate food sources – The most effective
way to deter cockroaches is to deny them food, water and shelter. To get rid of
them, get rid of what sustains them –
Do not leave liquids in sinks
Do not leave food sitting out
Store dry foods in tightly
Rinse cans, bottles and
plastics before putting them in recycling bins
Empty the rubbish on a daily
Clean – Clear all waste food and liquid
spillage, cleaning up food debris from food preparation areas, under sinks and
appliances. Remove pet food, drink and litter trays before nightfall.
De-clutter – Cockroaches release an
aggregation pheromone in their droppings telling others they have found a safe
harborage. Remove old stacks of newspapers and magazines, unused cardboard
boxes and all other forms of clutter from the floor or bottom of cupboards
where these pests have easy access.
Regular maintenance will prevent
cockroaches from getting into your home and reduce access to hiding spots.
Pipes and Drains – As already stated,
cockroaches are quite fond of damp and moist areas. Because of this when it
comes to your home or business they can usually be found near pipes and drains.
Regularly checking this area for signs of cockroaches and taking the necessary
procedures such as repairing damaged pipes and clearing blocked drains is a
good cockroach prevention measure.
Shelves – The cracks in the grains of
wooden shelving provide a great hiding spot for cockroaches. Paint or varnish
wooden shelves to seal these cracks and crevices. Alternatively, consider
replacing your wooden shelves with plastic or metal shelves.
Seal entrances – There are number of places
around a property that give cockroaches an easy way in. These are:
Under kitchen sinks and
Check these areas for cracks and crevices
and be sure to seal any that you find.
Health risks of cockroaches
The species of cockroaches that infest our
homes are indoor pests that share a close association with humans, feeding on
our food and waste. They are serious public health pests and are known to
spread germs and illnesses through contamination, meaning everything a
cockroach touches has the potential to make you ill. There are a number of very
serious health risks that can be attributed to the presence of cockroaches,
most of which are associated with food poisoning:
Salmonella: Cockroaches spread
the salmonella bacteria which can be potentially life threatening. Symptoms
normally go away within 4-7 days with no treatment, but in some cases the
contraction of salmonella can lead to severe dehydration and hospitalisation.
E. Coli: Cockroaches spread E.
Coli, another bacteria responsible for food poisoning which can be life
Asthma: The faeces of
cockroaches can trigger an allergic reaction in people who suffer from asthma.
HOW TO ELIMINATE COCKROACHES
IDENTIFY PROBLEM AREAS WITH FLASHLIGHT AND
When considering what cockroach control
method to use, it is best to first examine your home for possible roach
infestation sites. Do this by using a flashlight to search popular roach hiding
spots, including behind the refrigerator, under the sink, crevices in cabinets
and shelves, closet door corners, bathroom cabinets and closets.
Use roach glue strips to locate large
infestations. Based on your flashlight inspection, decide on the most strategic
areas to place strips. Monitor those areas for a few days to a week. Strips in
high-traffic areas will catch the most roaches, and these areas will need the
USE CAULK TO CLOSE GAPS TO PREVENT FURTHER
Traps can be effective in reducing existing
roach populations, but they won’t get rid of roaches on the outside trying to
break in. To prevent a roach infestation from expanding, use caulk to fill
possible entry points, including gaps between walls or tile, small crevices and
entry holes. It will also help to use weather stripping on doors and window
PLACE GEL BAIT BAIT STATIONS TO EFFECTIVELY
REDUCE ROACH POPULATION
Gel bait can be an effective roach killer.
Gel bait usually comes in the form of a tube and can be applied under
baseboards, in cracks and crevices, and near areas that are most likely to
attract roaches. While gel bait can be effective in getting rid of roaches, it
can also result in a number of dead roaches lying around your home.
Another popular method when deciding how to
kill cockroaches is the use of bait stations. Bait stations work by attracting
roaches into stations to feed on poison. The poisoned roach then travels back
to its home location, dies and is eaten by the other roaches, further passing
on the poison. Bait stations work partially to get rid of roaches, but do not
target all roaches in a home. They also pose an issue because they contain
poison and look unappealing when scattered around your home. Some roach hotels
only contain glue to trap the roaches, not bait and poison them.
BORIC ACID POWDER FOR ADDED EFFECTIVENESS
Boric acid, a substance found in products
like clothing detergent and toothpaste, can be one of the best roach killers.
Unfortunately, it is also easily misapplied and subject to displacement by air
currents, sending the material into areas where children and pets can come into
contact with it. Made by chemically combining boron and water, boric acid is
low in toxicity to people and pets but deadly to cockroaches. When used
incorrectly, boric acid will lose effectiveness and is not typically
recommended as the sole method for getting rid of cockroaches.
Best Ways to Prevent Pest Infestation
How can I keep my home pest free? What is
the best way to prevent a pest infestation? Perhaps become common questions
that every homeowners need the answers.
When in fact, the best way to control any
pest infestation is to prevent it from happening. Below are some preventive
actions needed to prevent the pests from invading to your home. Let’s find out!
Clean the home regularly
Since most of the home pests are attracted
and comfortable to stay in dirty and unhygienic environment, so cleaning the
home regularly are the best way to prevent a pest infestation at home. Any
fallen food crumbs and spill of sugary drinks on the floor are undoubtedly
attracting pest like cockroach or ants to come in instant. Therefore, cleaning
activities such as sweeping, mopping and vacuum cleaning are surely become the
easiest thing you can do at home to keep your home clean and pest-free.
Best ways to prevent: ants and cockroaches
Repair all leaking pipes
Plumbing and pest control have a lot more
in common than you ever imagine! The leaking pipes at home are leading cause of
many pest infestation. Leaky pipes offer standing water to rats, ants and
On other hand, termites and leaking pipes
are closely linked due to termites fondness for moist living environments.
Ensure to fix all leaking pipes at home and actively monitor any erosion or
Best ways to prevent: ants, cockroaches,
rats and termites
Seal up all cracks
Any crevices and holesAny crevices, cracks
and holes provide entry points for pests. Even the tiniest of cracks can create
possible entries for these pests that are capable of squeezing through. Ants,
cockroaches, bed bugs, and rats just need 1 cm to enter your home! Therefore
always remember to seal all cracks and crevices by using a caulk to seal up any
joints or plaster and patch holes on walls and concrete.
Best ways to prevent: ants, cockroaches and
Storage food safely and properly
Places in which food is kept should be
absolutely pest-free! Your kitchen and pantry are the place where pests such as
ants and cockroaches often take up refuge to find their source of food. Make
sure you don’t leave any food out and store it in food safe containers with
locking lids stop the movement of these pests approaching to your food.
Things you should be asking your wedding
Thinking about having a wedding
videographer at your wedding? Great! Here are a few questions you should be
asking those behind the camera. For brides and grooms, weddings are a blur.
Having a wedding video can make a world of difference. when you’re looking back
and reminiscing about your big day.
We often hear from brides, that the reason
they got a wedding videographer was because someone close had mentioned that
they regretted not having a wedding film made. Simple things like, how did I
move in my dress? Did the groom cry? The details we spent hours deciding on. If
a photo tells a thousand words, a film tells a million
Their experience as a team
First. What does the team look like? A make
or break for films is the rapport of the crew. The first question, how long has
the team been working together? But also, how long have they been filming
weddings for? Weddings are different, they’re one take wonders, no re-takes no
repeats. So it’s important you have a crew that comfortable with each other.
A sign of a good wedding videographer is
the way their previous couples talk out them. Do they have any reviews? If they
do, things to look out for are. How emotive the review is, does it mention things
like “it made me cry”? If it does, that really is the difference between a
wedding videographer taking the time to create an emotive, provocative and
personal wedding film versus one that simply follows a template and gets it
A wedding video just doesn’t happen
overnight, it takes a lot of work crafting a wedding film that personalised and
unique to the couple. Wedding videos take between six weeks and 6 months to
produce and there’s a reason for this. Crafting a story, especially in film
takes much longer than the time it takes to deliver photographs. From finding
the right music to colour grading the footage everything takes a bit of time
and it rightly should. It’s your video and it should be perfect. So, the third
question to ask is, how long will it take to deliver my wedding video?
Should I hire a wedding videographer?
Tossing up whether or not to hire a wedding
videographer? You’re not the first couple. Here’s the thing – it’s a given that
almost everyone generally hires a photographer for their day, but videography
often seems like an afterthought. Something that would be nice, but isn’t an
Well, neither are flowers. Or professional
hair and makeup. Or even rings (it’s true).
Beyond having an authorised marriage celebrant make things official (and
of course, two willing participants), nothing is essential at a wedding. But
for whatever reason, videography is often questioned.
One of the founders didn’t have videography
and one of them did. And guess who feels like they came out on top? Not the
former. Yes, it would’ve stretched the already broken budget (which is the
reason why she didn’t go for it) but long after the day has passed and dress is
packed away and the good times are a happy yet increasingly fuzzy set of
memories, some footage of it all would be really nice. And it would last the
test of time.
We’ve enlisted the help of the fantastic
wedding filmmakers from The Story of Us to answer all your burning questions
around pricing, drone footage, music etc. and to provide some clarity around
the arguments for and against wedding films.
I’d like to just generally know more about
videography for my wedding. Why have a wedding film?
Wedding films by no means replace
photography but together they enhance each other and have completely different
purposes for capturing your memories. It’s the same as any story; think of your
favourite movie. Looking at beautiful stills of the movie and watching the
movie are very different experiences.
wedding Videography tips for Brides
It’s your wedding day! Your dreams of the
perfect day have come to fruition. Now the only task at hand is capturing these
very special moments on your wedding video. Wedding videos like wedding photos
last for lifetimes so it is important to always know what you want and what you
Apart from actually hiring your wedding
videography and photography team there are some steps that you as the bride or
groom can take to ensure that everything you want captured, will be. We have
compiled a small list that details what videographers will need to fully
capture your love story.
Find YOUR style of video
It’s always good to watch different wedding
videos with different styles of
videography to be inspired for your own wedding film. There are many different
styles to choose from. Do you want your wedding video to look more like a music
video, or a short film with an element of storytelling?
Give time to your video and photo team in
your wedding Timeline
Having a sufficient amount of time in your
wedding day for couple portraits is key to creating a wonderful wedding film.
It allows videography and photography teams to get the shots needed to create
your beautiful love story without the disturbance of the craziness of the day.
If you would like to see what a videographer and a photographer’s ideal
timeline looks like click here
Hire your wedding photographers and
videographers from the same company
Team work makes the dream work! It’s always
great to have a team working together, rather than two different vendors who
have their own different styles and visions. Getting a video and photo team
that have worked together for awhile allows the team to create wedding photos
and wedding videos that match in style.
Every Question You Need To Ask Your Wedding
If you’re anything like us, you have a
serious weakness for beautiful wedding films. (And like us, you may even
low-key weep over your laptop every time you watch one). Nothing captures the
emotion of a wedding day quite like a fine art film, and you will love reliving
yours—and sharing it with your family– for years to come. But when it comes
time to inquire with a videographer, how do you even know which questions to
ask? We’ve got you covered, with every question you need to ask your
videographer, and insights from some of the industry’s finest filmmakers! Start
imagining the slow-motion video intro of your dreams NOW
“Why is video so important?”
We can’t emphasize it enough: as time
passes, your wedding video will become more and more meaningful. Little
keepsakes can bring back wedding memories, but there is nothing quite as
emotional—quite as transporting—as video. When you meet with your videographer,
ask them to explain why their art form is so important, and why you will treasure
your video for years to come
“What should I budget for videography?”
Before you meet with your videographer,
pricing may be the biggest unknown. As with any fine art wedding service, it
takes a little education to fully understand pricing for videography, so don’t
be too shy to ask your vendor about their approach. According to Lindsay of NST
Pictures, “Your video budget should be roughly the same as your photo budget.
We often see couples with half the budget or less left for video because they feel
it’s less important than photos. We understand that, but it does take the same
amount of work as photography: coordination of details before the wedding, two
experienced videographers running around for 8-10 hours, top-of-the-line
equipment and hours of editing your final films and footage.”
“What sets your work apart?”
According to Julie of Elysium Productions,
the number one question she wishes brides and grooms would ask is “what makes
you stand out from other studios?” This question is so great because it gives
your videographer the space to articulate her process and style, to speak with
freedom and discuss her philosophy. In a sea of beautiful options, you want to
know what makes your videographer unique—and if her work has that intangible
‘something’ you’re looking for. Look for any electricity—any spark, any
connection you feel to your videographer’s words and work. While “couples
should look for quality of picture and sound,”says Chris of Zen Film Works, the
most important thing is “if the films wow them or move them emotionally.” If you feel that indescribable, magnetic
pull, then you’ll know you are “onto a winner.”
“I’d love to hear more about your career
path! Can you tell me more about your wedding experience?”
When meeting with any videographer, you’ll
want to assess whether they have the ability to create the wedding film of your
dreams. Ask questions about how long the videographer has been in the industry
and how many weddings they’ve done. Pay attention to whether they respond to
your questions with tangible examples from their portfolio. This kind of deep
experience and skill set will make all the difference, and will give you
complete confidence in your investment. “Experience is key,” agrees Lindsay of
NST Pictures. “You will keep your wedding video for the rest of your life so
you want to look for a company that has a great track record. Read reviews,
look for awards and see if they have any notable past clients.” Be mindful also
that with this rich experience comes a (justifiably) higher price tag.
Wedding videography can trace its roots
back to before the invention of the modern video camera through 8mm and 16mm
films. When film was the only way to capture moving pictures, a few
enterprising individuals would take the family 8mm camera and film the weddings
of friends and family. These film cameras had a major limitation in the form of
4-minute load times. After exposing 4 minutes of film, the operator would have
to load a new film cartridge. The high cost of processing and the fact the
majority of them could not record sound to the film further limited the
industry. However, there were still a few individuals who were able to turn the
documentation of weddings into a business.
The early days of professional wedding
videography were marked by primitive technology and technique, with the
equipment generally producing low image quality. Cameras required bright
lights, had fuzzy pictures, poor color saturation, and single-channel, poor
quality audio. The cameras were bulky, with a separate unit that connected to
the video recorder via a cable, severely limiting the videographer’s movement.
In post-production, many wedding videos were not edited. Generation loss was
also a limiting factor because of the nature of analog video tape.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the
state of the industry began to improve. Videographers began to form regional
and national organizations, the largest, currently active organization being
the Wedding and Event Videographers Association International (WEVA).
Manufacturers created a market between the professional video camera and video
camera consumer levels, known as the prosumer, which met the needs of this
niche market. Towards the mid-1990s, the manufacturers introduced digital
cameras, removing the last of the technological barriers that had impeded
wedding videography since it was established. The cameras were small, mobile,
worked even better than the already good analog cameras on the market in low
light situations, and allowed the videographer to be discreet and not an
intrusion to the events.
Post-production creativity took a major
leap forward with the introduction of advanced tools like the Newtek Video
Toaster in the early 1990s. This led to the introduction of other relatively
inexpensive non-linear editing systems (NLE), which offered the editor many
more creative options. But the delivery method still relied on an analog
viewing system, VHS video tape. This changed in the late 1990s with
introduction of the recordable DVD. Weddings and events were now recorded
digitally, edited digitally, and delivered digitally, greatly improving the
By the late 1990s, wedding videography had
expanded beyond documentation of weddings. The majority of wedding videographers
preferred to add the additional term of “event” to their description
of service. New offerings, such as Love Stories, Photo Montages (a
retrospective collection of photographs set to music), music videos, family
biographies, anniversaries, Bar and Bat Mitzvahs, graduations, and many other
one-time events were also being documented in large numbers on video. The
general skill level of the industry’s members improved and post-production
capabilities reflected the standards of commercial productions.
A Restaurant Chart of
Accounts: Food, Assets and Expenses
Restaurant owners, especially when
considering food and other appreciable assets, need to customize their
accounting software’s so that it shows an accurate chart of accounts. Note
that, in relation to a chart of accounts, each restaurant handles the matter of
food differently. There are three main ways to list food on a chart of
List Food as a Simple Asset
The first, and by far the most common, way
to list food is as a simple asset. This is the least accurate method for
determining profit and waste, but it is often the most streamlined. A
restaurant owner simply adds all the food expenditures for the month or
accounting period and lists the cumulative sum as a single expense. This method
is fast but doesn’t account for waste and spoilage. In this scenario, the
restaurant owner liaisons with the executive chef, making that person directly
responsible for excessive food waste.
Most small restaurants operate this way
because the approximation of waste is more cost-effective than tasking its
Listing Food as an Operating Expense
The second way to list food on the chart of
accounts is, as previously mentioned, by monitoring waste, listing it as an
operating expense directly under food expenditures. For small-scale operations,
this method isn’t popular because it takes time away from cooks, who are often
spread thin already to keep wages low. The smaller restaurants that keep their
books this way typically only deduct exceptional waste items like caviar,
steak, cheese, etc.
This method, as the scale of the operation
increases, becomes increasingly more common. There are variations, such as
calculating median waste vs. purchase by weight, but those levels of monitoring
are usually only seen in large-scale production facilities and fast-food
Listing Food by Category
The third is separating perishable and
nonperishable items on the ledger. Then it is just a matter of listing food
into two categories, and deducting perishable waste only. This method can be
time efficient and relatively accurate, but it doesn’t take into account the
loss of nonperishable items. An example would be listing a bottle of truffle
oil as a nonperishable, but after three months the oil goes rancid, and 30
percent of the bottle is thrown away.
Chart Of Accounts
Chart of Accounts is the term your
accountant uses to describe the buckets used to categorize the money that flows
in and out of your business.
The Chart of Accounts includes
assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses, and equity.
Then all of these are broken down into
subcategories… things like marketing, restaurant supplies, and sales are
all items you would typically find in a restaurant Chart of Accounts.
Why you should care…
The Chart of Accounts is the source of a
business’s financial statements.
Without it, getting insights into anything
related to your restaurant’s moneymaking & spending will be a headache… and
getting your taxes done will be especially difficult.
Types of Chart of Accounts
There are three types of Chart of Accounts
Operating chart of accounts: They are used to post daily expenses. The accounts in Operating Chart of Accounts could be either expense or revenue accounts, and the information is shared by Finance as well as Controlling modules.
Group Chart of Accounts: These are accounts used by the entire corporate group. They help in generating reports at the corporate
Country-specific chart of accounts: This Chart Of Accounts help meet country-specific legal requirements
How to Use Your Chart Of Accounts
You’ve set up all of your accounts, now
There are a couple of ways you can
successfully use your chart of accounts.
On Top Of Your Money
One of the main purposes of a chart of
accounts is to break down where your money is coming from. Take the Sales
Account for example.
Your chart of accounts will show you a
current balance of your sales. If you’re using a software like Xero, you can
click on the balance for more detail. The software will then show you every
transaction goes into the total balance.
What You Owe
In the same way that you can view sales
details, you can also understand how much you owe and why.
When you select the accounts payable
balance, you can see the outstanding invoices you have received from vendors,
but have not yet paid. This level of detail will help you stay on top of bills
A good chart of accounts will help you keep
all of your assets together. This is important because assets are a key in
creating the balance sheet, which is critical to keeping the books
In this account, Computer Equipment is a
fixed asset. When the balance is expanded in accounting software, you can see
all of the bills attached to that asset and the corresponding payments. With
some software, like QuickBooks, you can create a subaccount under each asset to track the asset depreciation.
Out Your Tax Forms
A proper, up-to-date chart of accounts is
an efficiency lifesaver come tax season.
No one knows a chart of accounts better
than certified accountants and bookkeeping experts. That’s why we’ve had these
CPAs share some of their top setup tips. These nuggets of wisdom are incredibly
helpful for getting your business started on the right track.
How do you handle
bookkeeping for a restaurant? 5 Easy Steps!
1. Record Sales Through Your POS Daily
One of the first items you will have to
figure out is how to properly record your sales. Sfst
Many find using QuickBooks for
restaurants is an effective recording system.
Record Your Sales Entries Per
Record a separate daily
sales entry for each day (not monthly or weekly). With this method, your are
mimicking how the cash and credit card deposits hit the restaurant’s bank.Most
restaurants accept credit cards and settle the batch on a daily basis. This
will result in a credit card deposit or deposits hitting your bank account
separately for each batch. You need to analyze how funds are hitting your bank
and set up your restaurant bookkeeping system to mirror that activity.
Generate a Sales Report
In order to record the
daily sales you will need to generate some sort of report that summarizes your
sales. Most restaurant POS systems will have a daily sales summary built into
them. If you need to customize the report to get more detailed information you
will need to work through the customization with your POS system.
Create a Daily Sales Journal
Once you have a sales
summary you should set up a daily sales journal entry and create a memorized
transaction in QuickBooks.
2. Handling Accounts Payable
The next step of your restaurant
bookkeeping process should be to set up accounts payable. Keeping your vendors
happy will be important if you want them to continue to do business with you.
To start, learn how to enter bills and pay bills in QuickBooks; both are easy tasks to accomplish.
Enter your bills 1-2 times per week and pay them once per week.
If you are cutting checks for your bills you want to make sure to print checks from QuickBooks. This will automatically feed the payment information into your QuickBooks file, thus reducing unnecessary data entry.
Another option is to pay your bills with online bill payment by linking your bank account to QuickBooks and signing up for online bill pay.
Pro Tip: Another
part of your accounts payable will be setting up a credit card in QuickBooks. I
have seen many users set up credit cards incorrectly in QuickBooks. A credit
card should not be set up as an expense type account; it should be set up as a
credit card type. Your expenses are recognized as you enter credit card
charges. Setting up a credit card with the correct type will also allow you to
reconcile the account, which is very important.
As a business owner, you are at major risk
by doing your own payroll. If you incorrectly file your payroll taxes or file
them late, the penalties and interest you will be assessed can be quite large.
You are held at a high level of liability if you do not outsource your payroll
to an accounting firm.
Outsourcing your payroll is surprisingly affordable and a necessary option to
ensure consistent and reliable paychecks and accounting.
Pro Tip: Look for a payroll company that is very reputable. Require
the payroll data have the capabilities to be imported into QuickBooks and all
reports and paychecks to be sent digitally.
Reconciling QuickBooks accounts is the
single most important piece of the entire bookkeeping process.
Reconciling your accounts is the only way to know that you have recorded all of
your financial transactions. You need to reconcile all of your accounts not
just your bank accounts. You should reconcile bank accounts, credit cards,
loans, lines of credit and payroll liabilities. Any account that gets a
statement with a beginning and ending balance can be reconciled. Account
reconciliation ensures that you are looking at accurate financial reports.
5. Financial Reporting
If you are not using financial reporting for your restaurant, then you are running your business blind. With such tight profit margins in the restaurant industry it is important to analyze your financial reports on a regular basis.
Restaurants should be looking at sales vs.
cost of goods sold ratios as well as labor ratios. Another ratio many
restaurants should consider is the prime cost, which aims to keep cost of food
+ beverage + labor at roughly 60% to 65% of your total sales.
Useful Revit Tricks Every Electrical
Engineer Should Know
This is a guest post by electrical engineer
and Revit expert Dillon Mitchell. As you’ll see, Dillon has a lot of experience
with Revit and has learned a bunch of tricks that help him work smarter and
faster. In this post, he shares five of his best tips
When I first started using Revit, I found
the software to be overwhelming. First, there are all those buttons and
options. Second, everything was wide open. It seemed that with Revit, if you
can imagine it, you can create it. It’s a powerful tool but it can also be
Getting started took some effort and I
tried to learn just one piece of the software at a time. In a way, I found
Revit to be a lot like Excel – there are deeper and deeper levels to it. Yet I
made progress learning the software by starting on the surface and mastering
Set Your Load Classifications
Load classification in Revit segments your
loads into different classifications. These classifications will be put on your
panel schedules and are useful when filling out utility letters at the end of a
project. The utility company uses this information to size the transformer at
the service entrance. Typically, this information takes a long time to collect;
you need to add up all the receptacle loads, lighting loads, largest motor, as
well as heating and cooling loads. When done throughout the course of the
project, this information is simple to provide.
Understand Type vs. Instance Properties
Revit has two kinds of parameters; type
parameters and instance parameters. Understanding when and where to use each
kind of parameter is critical for an efficient workflow.
House Wiring for Beginners
In a typical new town house wiring system,
Live & Neutral tails from the
electricity meter to the CU
A split load CU
Ring circuits from 32A MCBs in the CU
supplying mains sockets. 2 such rings is typical for a 2 up 2 down, larger
houses have more.
Radial lighting circuits from 6A CU MCBs. 2
or more circuits typical.
Earth connection from incomer to CU.
10mm² Main equipotential bond to other
incoming metal services (gas, water, oil)
Earthing is a fundamental safety system
used in electrical installations. It works in co-ordination with circuit
breakers MCBs, Fuses, and RCDs to ensure that an electrical supply can be
disconnected quickly in the event of a fault. This greatly reduces shock risk.
Residual Current Devices (RCD)
The 17th Edition of the wiring regulations
impose more frequent requirements to install RCD (or RCBO) protection than the
previous 16th Edition. In general, ANY cable which is buried less than 50mm
below a wall’s surface AND is NOT mechanically protected, or wired in one of a
number of specialised cable types that incorporate an earthed screen must have
30mA trip RCD protection. Such circuit protection may be derived from either an
RCD protecting several circuits, or individual RCD/RCBOs on each circuit.
An RCBO is a combined RCD and MCB in one
module, and is fitted in place of an MCB. RCBOs allow individual circuits to be
protected by their own RCD without any risk that a fault in an unrelated
circuit could cause it to trip. However protecting all circuits like this is
Neutral Connections & RCDs
Neutrals for circuits protected by
different RCDs (or those from an RCD and non RCD protected circuit) must not be
mixed. If any neutral wire is connected to the wrong side, the RCD will trip.
The same principle is true for RCBOs, each RCBOed circuit needs to have its
neutral connected to the RCBO neutral and not elsewhere.
tips to prevent electrical fires at home
Electrical fires can do some serious damage
to your home and put your family’s safety at risk. The good news is electrical
fires are often preventable
Keep heat-producing appliances unplugged
when not in use. When heat-generating appliances malfunction or are
accidentally left on for an extended period of time, they can overheat and
catch on fire. It’s safest to unplug kettles, curling wands, toasters, irons, and
other “hot” appliances when you’re not using them.
Only use extension cords temporarily.
Extension cords should be used as temporary solutions only. If you need
additional permanent power sources installed in your home, contact a qualified
Never cut off the third prong on a power
cord. The third prong (also known as the “ground”) is there for a reason: to
protect you in the event of a power surge or other electrical malfunction. If
your home only has two-prong outlets, consider having an electrician inspect
your home’s electrical system to see if they can update your outlets to
Update your home’s electrical system.
Knob-and-tube wiring, aluminum wiring, and 60-amp electrical systems (commonly
found in older homes) tend to come with a greater risk of overheating. Consider
upgrading to an electrical system that uses modern wiring materials (like
copper, for example) and has at least 100 amps to reduce your chances of an
Tips to Draw Your Next Schematic Design
Like a Pro
Ready for that next great idea for a PCB
project? It’s all starts with your schematic design. Unlike a PCB layout, which
is all about the physical placement of parts and copper, a schematic is more
theoretical, describing how components are electrically connected. And while
you won’t necessarily know how parts physically connect when drawing a
schematic, you will know exactly how a signal will move through your circuit.
Sounds easy enough, right? Not so fast.
Clearly Show How Your Wires Connect
You’ll be relying on wires to define
connections between symbols on your schematic drawing. In Autodesk EAGLE you’ll
see these referred to as nets. Regardless of what you call them, there are
several guidelines to keep in mind.
Complete Net Connections When It Makes
The entire goal with a schematic is to make
your circuitry as easy as possible to understand when you read it in the future
or hand it off to another engineer. To aid with this process of readability,
it’s necessary to minimize any unnecessary net connections when they aren’t
Always Use the Same Symbol for the Same
If this is your first schematic drawing,
then you might be surprised to know that there are several different ways you
can draw schematic symbols. This all depends on what side of the world you’re
living in, and what standard you plan to follow
Make Sure Every Part Has a Unique
This is another tip to enhance the
consistency and readability of your schematic. Every symbol on your circuit
needs to have its own unique designator so that every part is easily
identifiable. For example, every resistor should follow a consistent naming
sequence of R1, R2, R3, etc.
Earthing And Bonding
Why do earthing and bonding need to be
If you are having an alteration of addition
made to your electrical installation, your electrician must check (as well as
other things) that the earthing and bonding arrangements you have are up to the
What is earthing?
If there is a fault in your electrical
installation you could get an electric shock if you touch a live metal part.
This is because the electricity may use your body as a path from the live part
to the earth part.
Earthing is used to protect you from an
electric shock. It does this by providing a path (a protective conductor) for a
fault current to flow to earth. It also causes the protective device (either a
circuit-breaker or fuse) to switch off the electric current to the circuit that
has the fault.
What is bonding?
Bonding is used to reduce the risk of
electric shocks to anyone who may touch two separate metal parts when there is
a fault somewhere in the supply of electrical installation. By connecting
bonding conductors between particular parts, it reduces the voltage there might
An electrician will give you advice if your
earthing or bonding needs to be improved for safety reasons. We strongly
recommend that you use an electrician registered with a government approved
scheme to carry out any electrical installation work you need doing.
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